د. أحمد صبحى منصور: لحظات قرآنية 873 : الزكاة ج 49 : الحرص على مال اليتيم ج 1

د. أحمد صبحى منصور: لحظات قرآنية 873 : الزكاة ج 49 : الحرص على مال اليتيم ج 1

December 15, 2019 1 By Luis Garrison


Peace be with all of you
Welcome to Episode No. 873 of our show “Quranic Moments” titled (Zakat, PART XLIX)
We continue talking about orphans in relation to Zakat; in this episode and several ones,
we focus on the topic of caring about the money inherited by orphans
There are poor and rich orphans; the rich ones are those who inherited money; sadly,
some evil people might confiscate such money of rich orphans to themselves
The Quranic sharia laws are keen on protecting the orphans’ money
This means the rights of orphans is not confined to Zakat, charity, kindness, upbringing, spending…etc. Caring for the orphans’ financial rights includes
to preserve their inheritance This is mentioned twice in the Quran; firstly,
within the Quranic Ten Commandments: “And do not come near the money of the orphan,
except with the best intentions, until he reaches maturity…” (6:152)
We’ll discuss (best intentions) later; not to come near orphans’ money means avoiding
squandering or stealing it; this is strictly prohibited; this parallels the Quranic command
here: “And do not come near fornication…” (17:32); this is strict prohibition of illicit
sex and things making you get near it (lustful looks, touching, words, etc.) Likewise, to steal/misuse the orphans’ money
is strictly prohibited Secondly, this prohibition is repeated here:
“And do not come near the orphan’s money, except with the best of intentions, until
he has reached his maturity…” (17:34)
Of course, orphans are a main element in matters of inheritance
Orphans might be the offspring or siblings of the deceased person; anyway, orphans cannot
manage their inheritance money/property; they require honest guardians who preserve and
increase such money; i.e., not to steal it Such guardians care for orphans until they
grow up and are able to manage their own money; in such a case of caring for orphans who inherited
money, this matter pertains to all society in general
Society (or courts) appoint guardians for orphans within laws to guarantee that orphans’
money is never squandered and to ensure rights of orphans before and after maturity; once
mature, they are allowed to manage their own property
This is explained in the Quran: “And give orphans their properties, and do not substitute
the bad for the good. And do not consume their properties by combining
them with yours, for that would be a grave sin.” (4:2)
“Those who consume the wealth of orphans illicitly consume only fire into their bellies; and
they will roast in a Blaze.” (4:10)
The verse 4:10 applies to all (dis)believers who commit such a grave sin, however overt
their showing off fake signs of piety The Lord God warns beforehand against violating
the rights of orphans; believers must heed this warning
Committers of such a grave sin are never monotheistic believers; their fate is Hell in case of their
death without repentance and making amends There are other Quranic legislations about
preserving the money of orphans Rich guardians are never to spend the money
of orphans; they protect such money for free; in contrast, if such guardians are poor, they
are to receive reasonable wages, or “with the best intentions” (6:152 + 17:34)
Courts (i.e., society at large) may set certain wages for poor guardians from the money of
orphans; hence, society have the right to watch such guardians to make sure rights of
orphans are never violated Once mature and eligible as per laws, after
attaining puberty, the orphans are tested (e.g., at the age of 16 or 17) to see if they
reached maturity in terms of thinking so that the mission of guardians end (thank you very
much, go away!) and the orphans receive/manage their money
If the test shows orphans as immature or reckless, giving them their money is postponed (e.g.,
for a year or few year) until other tests prove their maturity and that they are fit
to manage their own property Otherwise, a monthly allowance is granted
to such immature orphans from profits of the original sum of their inherited money to cover
expenses of clothing, shelter, food, education,…etc. within justice
Even the wages of the poor guardians are taken from profits and not from the original wealth/sum
inherited by orphans “Test the orphans until they reach the age
of marriage. If you find them to be mature enough, hand
over their properties to them. And do not consume it extravagantly or hastily
before they grow up. The rich shall not charge any wage, but the
poor may charge fairly. When you hand over their properties to them,
have it witnessed for them. God suffices as a Judge.” (4:6)
Evil guardians consume orphans’ money before they grow up; they deserve Hell
In 4:6, the present-yet-absent factor is the judicial authority in a given country or a
Quran-based State which appoint guardians and witnesses and supervise everything
If adolescents who were orphans are still immature and they won’t be able to manage
their own money soon as they failed many tests, as they might squander it, this Quranic verse
applies to them: “Do not give the immature your money which
God has assigned to you for support. But provide for them from it, and clothe them,
and speak to them with kind words.” (4:5)
The profits of such invested money is employed to spent on immature orphans who grow up but
can’t be responsible enough to manage their own money
They are to receive profits and kindness or tender, loving care at the same time
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