PASS THE REAL ESTATE EXAM – Orientation and lead based paint EXPLAINED!!!
In this concept of “orientation” the placement of a house on its site; where a home is placed on its site is known as its “orientation”. As you know, we live in a Cultural melting pot. We have a lot of people from different parts of the world that live in our great state here and It’s important to know that some cultures might prefer that the front-door face west or might prefer that the living area face east, right? So the placement of a house on its site is known as its “orientation”. The hottest portion of a property tends to be the south-facing Portion of the home. Yes the sun rises in the east and sets in the west you know that, but as the Sun is setting the Sun is not arcing directly overhead the Sun is Setting through the southern horizon here in California So the hottest portion of a home tends to be the south-facing portion of a home because it it gets the brunt of the Sun for the majority of the day. That’s why if you look At real estate magazines from Tahoe or Mammoth or Big Bear or Lake Arrowhead It’ll always say “windows face south” or you know “Living area faces south” because that’s a passive heating system that allows the property to be warmed Without using the heating system as much. So again between north south east or west, the hottest portion of a property tends to be the south-facing portion of the home. No matter what day you take the test or what version of the exam you happen to get, I can basically Guarantee, you’re probably gonna see one question or more about lead-based paint on your exam, and I want to give those questions to you Right now. First what is lead based paint? Okay. It’s paint with lead in it, right? So that’s bad.=) It’s very bad if the chips are inhaled or ingested that’s why recently there was a report of some baby cribs that had come out of out of out of Asia and Those baby cribs were found to have been painted with lead-based paint Now the reason that’s particularly egregious is because what do kids do with a crib? They you know, they chew on it and they suck on it They bite on the bars of the crib which can cause developmental problems in the kid. Lead paint is like radon gas; like asbestos Like carbon monoxide. It’s an environmental hazard. So there’s a couple three questions that you might find on the exam about lead paint and I want to give those to you right now First is well What year will require a lead paint disclosure? Prior to 1978 You have a property built prior to 1978 The seller has to give the buyer a lead paint disclosure. Now. Let’s say my house was built in 1974 I’ve got to give you a lead paint disclosure. What do you think that lead paint Disclosure says? Do you think it says that the property has lead paint? No, I don’t know if my house was built with lead paint In fact, the only way I would know that is if I took off Samples of the drywall or paint sent them off to a lab and had had a lab test them No one does that. So a lot of people think well, okay, my house was built in 1962 but I don’t know whether or not it had lead paint and Because I don’t know, I don’t have to give the disclosure to the buyer. That’s totally not true. In fact very few People are gonna know whether or not the home has lead paint, but you’ve still got to give the buyer a disclosure Regarding the hazards associated with lead-based paint. So three questions for the test number one Property built prior to what year requires a lead paint disclosure? Prior to 1978. Number two. This is kind of a tricky one. property built AFTER what year does not require a lead paint disclosure? Property built after what year well Before 1978 we need it. So after 1977 we don’t need the lead paint disclosure. So again before 1978 we need it, but after 1977 we don’t. So again in 1976 we need it. In 1977 we need it. Pre- 1978 But what about houses that were built in 1978? Those homes don’t require a lead paint disclosure right after 1977 We don’t need it before 78. We do need the lead paint disclosure now again, how about this third question? It says a property was built in 1974 what do we need? We need lead paint but the seller and their agent had no direct knowledge of lead paint. Like they just Truthfully didn’t know whether or not the property had lead paint. They didn’t know based on the fact that the seller and the agent didn’t know whether the property had lead paint They failed to deliver the lead paint disclosure to the buyer. Is that okay? Not Okay. You got to give it pre 78 no matter what who’s liable there? Just the seller? Just the agent? Or both? They’re both liable for failing to deliver the lead paint disclosure. So again three questions before 78 we need it after 77 we don’t Before 78 you have to deliver the lead paint disclosure Whether or not you have any direct knowledge of lead paint on the property now, of course If you know about lead paint, you would also have to deliver that Information to the to the buyer too. By the way, this also applies to rental property So if I rent your apartment, you got a building here in LA built in 1950 You still got to give me as a tenant a lead paint disclosure